Directions: The attached test consists of all short answer and essay questions. Short answer responses should include all the ACE elements unless otherwise indicated. Essay questions should show understanding of the text and able to analyze, evaluate, and react to the ideas presented and be formatted as a full PAACE response. The directions regarding how to format the answers are provided on the test itself. Answers will be assessed on the following: a) correctness of response b) clarity of writing c) depth of analysis d) support from text. 25 points with 3 points extra credit available.