Research has explored universal and culture-specific personality traits. â€œThe Five-Factor Model,â€ also known as the â€œBig Five,â€ has identified five universal personality traitsâ€”openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (OCEAN). In contrast, the â€œFive-Factor Theoryâ€ (FFT) of personality â€œsuggests that the universal personality traits representing basic tendencies are expressed in characteristic ways; these characteristic ways can be largely influenced by the culture in which one existsâ€ (Matsumoto & Juang, 2008, p. 268). Culture-specific personality traits, expressed by individuals in a certain culture, have also been identified in research.
For this Discussion, review this weekâ€™s Learning Resources. Consider the cultural influences on personality development. Think about how culture-specific personality traits might impact the role of the scholar-practitioner working with a client or research population from this culture. Select two cultures and two culture-specific personality traits to use for this Discussion.
With these thoughts in mind:
1. Write a brief description of two universal personality traits.
2. Describe two culture-specific personality traits for each of the two cultures you selected.
3. Explain how culture influences personality development.
4. Discern two ways these culture-specific personality traits might impact a scholar-practitioner. Support your responses using the most evidenced based current literature.