Answer the following questions in 2-3 paragraphs each.
Make notes on the Spanish, Russian, Mughal, and Ottoman empires. In each case: What motivated the expansion? What role did religion play? What long-term consequences can you detect?
In what specific ways did the Atlantic slave trade transform African societies? In your answer, discuss general trends and then specific developments. The text notes those in states such as Ghana.
What was the Protestant Reformation? What were several major consequences of the Reformation? How did it transform Europe?
What were the differences between industrialization in the United States and in Russia?
Did Latin America experience the Industrial Revolution? How so?